On this expedition you'll be transformed into a rasberry and will travel through the digestive system to learn how each part functions. Take a tour of the Everglades in Florida, where local habitants have been able to use many natural resources to their advantage.
Take a glance around the Kennedy Space Centre in Florida and discover the complex journey a rocket goes on before blastoff. Learn about key areas including the nose and mouth, trachea and lungs. Put your spacesuit on and prepare to blast off , miles away from earth to our only natural satellite: Take students on a dive into the ocean, on a climb up a mountain or even on a flight over an active volcano.
Discover different environments throughout the world through these Expeditions.
Take a trip into the historic and beaituful island. Join this expedition to get a close-up look at volcanoes in Indonesia, Russia, Ethiopia, Iceland, and the United States. Immerse your students in this exciting trip to the Borneo Rainforests and learn all about various animals and insects.
Take a climb up Everest. Located on the border of Tibet and Nepal, learn more about this magestic mountain and its history. This Ocean Safari will take you on a journey to see our favourite underwater animals -- 'the big 8.
Iceland is a volcanic island that is still active today. Take students on a tour that offers sights unlike anywhere else on the planet. In this expedition students will learn all about The Great Barrier Reef, looking at the biodiversity, different coral types, coral structure and growth factors. Join an expedition to the North Pole and learn about the different types of clothing necessary to explore the Arctic and survive the extreme cold.
Discover what the it was like to live in a different time. From roaming with dinosaurs to going into the trenches of war, see history through the eyes of those who lived before us. Learn more about how America joined the war efford in and see some iconic places that mark the war's history. The first dinosaurs lived over million years ago and were small, fast meat-eaters.
Today, come with us as we imagine them alive again. Experience the dramatically changing American frontier of the mids, as more people moved westward.
The Roman Empire's rise and fall, its culture and economy, and how it laid much of the Middle East, modern-day France, and even the remote island of Britain. . In the early years of the republic, the Roman infantry used a version of . ancient Rome comes from the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. Some local public libraries subscribe to certain online newspaper archives. . Information Juive [French] (Algiers, Algeria and Paris, France; –); Maguid . Free also available on Digital Resources site, listed as one publication from Hamilton Mountain News (–); Hamilton Spectator (–); The Record.
In this expedition, students will be able to explore the historical site. Set sail and discover the incredible life and stunning battleship of arguably Britain's greatest naval hero: Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson. Horses, teepees, spiritual leaders and years of fighting for the Great Plains. Relive the story of the Native American and celebrate the unique traditions. The Great Depression became one of the longest-lasting economic downturns in the world.
Discover the trials and tribulations of those worst hit. Visit monuments from around the world to gain a deep understanding of the significance of these landmarks.
This expedition will take you to Greece, to see some ancient ruins you will recognise and some you might not. This expedition showcases the modern-day look of years of erosion and destruction of different societies in Central and Southern America. Go coast to coast across the United States to learn about U. On this Expedition, you get a chance to go a little bit closer to these ancient structures. Explore the Colosseum and the Pantheon in Rome. Take a closer look at these structures and learn their history.
Explore the house of Charles Dickens, learn about some of the items on display and discover what life in Victorian London might have been like. Every year, over a million visitors come to view the world-class art in this museum and experience the unique building, now you can be one of them. Look over 3, possessions of the Tredwells, the wealthy merchant-class family who lived in this House, now museum, from to Explore the museum complex and collections which contain over 32 million specimens of plants, humans, animals, fossils, meteorites, and more.
Walk through the National Museum of Iraq and examine rare Islamic texts and treasures from Mesopotamian civiliizaton. The Tenement Museum preserves and interprets the history of immigration through the personal experiences of the generations of newcomers who settled in and built lives on Manhattan's Lower East Side. Take a walk through the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics and learn what it took to get humans into space. Take students on a tour of university campuses and help them discover different careers by taking them on these Expeditions.
Motorcycle manufacturer Triumph invite us behind the scenes at the multimillion-pound launch of an astonishing new motorcycle: Buckle up for an exciting ride as we reveal design principles, materials science, and even prototype camouflage that make Aston Martin a thrilling place to work. Located in the heart of Boston, Massachusettes, feel what it is like to be a student at the prestigous Berklee College of Music.
Visit the University of Notre Dame in Indiana and discover the oppurtunies and resources available on campus. With Google Expeditions, students can take field trips right from their classroom.
Experience the Northern Lights. Explore the Great Barrier Reef. Go Inside the Human Body. Visit the International Space Station. Mexico's Day of the Dead Learn about the Day of the Dead and how Mexican families honor the role of death in life and connect with those who have died. The History of Jazz Visit some of the historic sites that helped define and currently celebrate America's true art form, jazz. Places of Faith around the World Visit historic places of faith around the world including: Phizz Whizzing Visit Roald Dahl's "writing hut" where some of his most famous stories were written.
Pilgrimage to Westminster Abbey Walk through history of the abbey that has stood on the site of the present Westminster Abbey since the late 10th century.
Masterpieces of the Baroque Learn about unique Baroque-style Architechture by fravelling to various places around Europe. On 22 July , the new bridge by architect Dietmar Feichtinger was opened to the public. The light bridge allows the waters to flow freely around the island and improves the efficiency of the now operational dam. On rare occasions, tidal circumstances produce an extremely high "supertide". The new bridge was completely submerged on 21 March by the highest sea level for at least 18 years, as crowds gathered to snap photos.
The original site was founded by an Irish hermit, who gathered a following from the local community. Mont Saint-Michel was used in the sixth and seventh centuries as an Armorican stronghold of Gallo-Roman culture and power until it was ransacked by the Franks , thus ending the trans- channel culture that had stood since the departure of the Romans in From roughly the fifth to the eighth century, Mont Saint-Michel belonged to the territory of Neustria and, in the early ninth century, was an important place in the marches of Neustria.
Before the construction of the first monastic establishment in the 8th century, the island was called Mont Tombe Latin: According to a legend, the archangel Michael appeared in to Aubert of Avranches , the bishop of Avranches , and instructed him to build a church on the rocky islet. This marked the beginning of a brief period of Breton possession of the Mont.
In fact, these lands and Mont Saint-Michel were never really included in the duchy of Brittany and remained independent bishoprics from the newly created Breton archbishopric of Dol. When Rollo confirmed Franco as archbishop of Rouen , these traditional dependences of the Rouen archbishopric were retained in it. The mount gained strategic significance again in when William I Longsword annexed the Cotentin Peninsula from the weakened Duchy of Brittany.
This made the mount definitively part of Normandy , and is depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry , which commemorates the Norman conquest of England. Harold Godwinson is pictured on the tapestry rescuing two Norman knights from the quicksand in the tidal flats during a battle with Conan II, Duke of Brittany.
Norman ducal patronage financed the spectacular Norman architecture of the abbey in subsequent centuries. In the monastery of Mont Saint-Michel gave its support to William the Conqueror in his claim to the throne of England. This he rewarded with properties and grounds on the English side of the Channel, including a small island off the southwestern coast of Cornwall which was modelled after the Mount and became a Norman priory named St Michael's Mount of Penzance.
During the Hundred Years' War , the Kingdom of England made repeated assaults on the island but were unable to seize it due to the abbey's improved fortifications. The commune's position — on an island just a few hundred metres from land — made it accessible at low tide to the many pilgrims to its abbey , but defensible as an incoming tide stranded, drove off, or drowned would-be assailants. Tourism is the main and even almost unique source of income of the commune. The first dinosaurs lived over million years ago and were small, fast meat-eaters. Visit the University of Notre Dame in Indiana and discover the oppurtunies and resources available on campus.
During the Hundred Years' War , the Kingdom of England made repeated assaults on the island but were unable to seize it due to the abbey's improved fortifications. The English initially besieged the Mont in —24, and then again in —34 with English forces under the command of Thomas de Scales, 7th Baron Scales.
Two wrought-iron bombards that Scales abandoned when he gave up his siege are still on site. They are known as les Michelettes. When Louis XI of France founded the Order of Saint Michael in , he intended that the abbey church of Mont Saint-Michel become the chapel for the Order, but because of its great distance from Paris, his intention could never be realised. The wealth and influence of the abbey extended to many daughter foundations, including St. Michael's Mount in Cornwall. However, its popularity and prestige as a centre of pilgrimage waned with the Reformation , and by the time of the French Revolution there were scarcely any monks in residence.
The abbey was closed and converted into a prison, initially to hold clerical opponents of the republican regime. High-profile political prisoners followed, but by , influential figures — including Victor Hugo — had launched a campaign to restore what was seen as a national architectural treasure. The prison was finally closed in , and the mount was declared a historic monument in Mont Saint-Michel and its bay were added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in , and it was listed with criteria such as cultural, historical, and architectural significance, as well as human-created and natural beauty.
He designed the Romanesque church of the abbey, daringly placing the transept crossing at the top of the mount. Many underground crypts and chapels had to be built to compensate for this weight; these formed the basis for the supportive upward structure that can be seen today. Today Mont Saint-Michel is seen as a building of Romanesque architecture. After having set fire to the village and having massacred the population, he was obliged to beat a retreat under the powerful walls of the abbey. Unfortunately, the fire which he himself lit extended to the buildings, and the roofs fell prey to the flames.
Horrified by the cruelty and the exactions of his Breton ally, Philip Augustus offered Abbot Jordan a grant for the construction of a new Gothic architectural set which included the addition of the refectory and cloister. Mont Saint-Michel has also been the subject of traditional jealousy from the Bretons. Bretons claim that since the Couesnon River marks the traditional boundary between Normandy and Brittany , it is only because the river has altered its course over the centuries that the mount is on the Norman side of the border.
This legend amuses the area's inhabitants, who state that the border is not located on the Couesnon River itself but on the mainland, 4 kilometres 2. Up to 20, people [ citation needed ] visit the city during the summer months. Among the 43 inhabitants as of [update] , 5 were monks and 7 nuns. Since 24 June , following the appeal addressed to them in by Bishop Jacques Fihey, Bishop of Coutances and Avranches  , a community of monks and nuns of the Monastic Fraternities of Jerusalem , sent from the mother-house of St-Gervais-et-St-Protais in Paris, have been living as a community on Mont Saint-Michel.
They replaced the Benedictine monks who returned to the Mount in They are tenants of the centre for national monuments and are not involved in the management of the abbey. The community has seven sisters and four brothers. They live the mission that the Church has entrusted to them in their own charism of being "in the heart of the world" to be "in the heart of God". Their life revolves around prayer, work and fraternal life.
In this way, the building keeps its original purpose as a place of prayer and singing the glory of God. The presence of the community attracts many visitors and pilgrims who come to join in the various liturgical celebrations. In , the community undertook the renovation of a house on the Mount, the Logis Saint-Abraham, which is used as a guest house for pilgrims on retreat.
Le Mont-Saint-Michel has long "belonged" to some families who shared the businesses in the town, and succeeded to the village administration. Tourism is the main and even almost unique source of income of the commune. There are about fifty shops for 3 million tourists, while only 25 people sleep every night on the Mount monks included , except in hotels. Nowadays, the main institutions of the city are shared by:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. An island and mainland commune in Normandy, France. For other uses, see Mont Saint Michel disambiguation. Commune in Normandy, France.
Location within Normandy region. Mont Saint Michel Abbey. This section needs additional citations for verification.
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